Thursday February 13th 2020 | Lisbon

Rossio railway station

An architecture filled with history

Rossio railway station

The Rossio station, in the centre of Lisbon, is one of the must-sees in the city. The station is considered one of the most beautiful in Europe and its majestic presence does not go unnoticed. Do you want to discover it? In this article we will tell you some of the details that will invite you to visit it. Take note.

The Rossío station is one of the most emblematic buildings in the city and it is among the most beautiful railway terminals in Europe.

Rossio railway station: its history


Rossio train station is one of the most attractive buildings in the city. Located in the centre of Baixa, the station was built at the end of the 19th century by order of the Royal Portuguese Railway Company.

It was the age of birth and apogee of the railroad, so the train stations had become an economic engine of the cities. The Lisbon terminal joined this trend and Rossio is currently among the most beautiful stations in Europe.

The Portuguese architect, Luís Monteiro, made a building in a typically Manueline style, mixed with elements of romanticism of that time. The building is dominated by a large clock, something also very frequent in the railway stations that were built at that time.

The building is accessed by two large doors in the form of two large horseshoes. This structure is related with the legend that reports the arrival on horseback of Sebastian of Portugal, the desired one to claim his lost throne with the invasion of Philip II of Spain.

The station building has been classified as a Property of Public Interest since 1971. Currently, the station connects Lisbon with the city of Sintra and other nearby points in the capital's suburban area.

Rossio railway station: its architecture


The station is located between the squares Rossio and Restauradores. At the first glance, the decoration of its facade and its central location may lead us to think that we are facing a theatre or a palatial building.

But its monumental exterior appearance gives way to an interior structure that draws our attention due to the structure of the platforms, above ground level, two floors above the entrance hall. The explanation is easy. The station is located on one of the hills of the Bairro Alto and it was necessary to adapt the railway facilities to this unevenness.

The roofs of the station are formed by an imposing wrought iron structure. This roof is attributed to Gustav Eiffel in his Portuguese period, in which he built the Luis I bridge in Porto and other works, some of them have already disappeared.

Throughout its history and due to changes in its uses, the station has undergone through successive renovations. It is important to pay attention to the azulejo (tile) panels on Lisbon legends and representations of Portuguese products.

The most important renovation plan was addressed in 1996, modernizing the accesses, organizing parking in the surrounding area, and connecting the station with the Praça dos Restauradores metro station.


Free tour of Lisbon. Let us show you the city


The Rossio station has become more than just a railway terminal. The characteristics of the building attract thousands of tourists daily. Do you want to take advantage of your visit?

Do not hesitate. Join the free tour through Lisbon in the most recommended guided tour of the city. Let our guides show you the city in a different way. You will visit the Baixa, the Chiado, the squares of the historic centre. Your trip will be a different experience.

Book your free tour here! You choose the day and time. Come to Lisbon and enjoy with us.

Tags: Lisbon , places

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